Caregiving Tips & News

“Every successful boxer knows the importance of having quality trainers work their corner. The great Muhammad Ali was guided by legendary trainers, Angelo Dundee and Bundini Brown. As a former boxer, battling the progressive stages of dementia, I am very grateful to have the GPS SmartSole working my corner, ensuring me a better quality of life while maintaining my dignity and affording my family the peace of mind that my getting lost is a worry of the past.”

Ray Ciancaglini  –  former professional boxer and award-winning concussion awareness activist. Watch the Ciancaglini Family’s Testimonial Video.


Facts & Tips You Should Know About Alzheimer's and Dementia

Tips for Making the Home Safer for Elderly Relatives

Creating A Safe Home For Alzheimer’s Patients

By: Jane Weyman
It is estimated that 5.5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s dementia, and 15.9 million family and friends are currently providing hours of care to those with this condition. If you’re caring for a family member with Alzheimer’s, then you know that it can be a challenge to keep your loved one safe even inside the home. As the disease progresses over time, it’s imperative to make sure that your home is secure for a person with Alzheimer’s. Not only do you keep them safe from harm, but you can also help them to stay independent and enjoy being at home. Follow these tips to create a safe home for Alzheimer’s patients.

Keep Your Home Clean and Clutter-Free
A cluttered and untidy home can make a person with Alzheimer’s feel distracted. To keep your loved one safe at home, clear your home of clutter and excess knick knacks and embrace minimalist décor. Remove artificial fruits or vegetables and any other décor that resembles food as these objects may appear to be edible. Keep things well organized and consider putting labels on drawers or cabinets to help your loved one.

Get Rid of Tripping and Slipping Hazards
Get rid of anything that can cause your relative to trip or slip. Rugs and carpets are the number one hazards for slipping, so consider pulling them up or attaching non-slip pads to make them safer for your loved one. You should also watch out for electrical cords and cables and keep them neat and under control. If there are any young children living with you, it’s a good idea to designate a certain place in your home as their playroom or play nook to keep their toys and mess contained to just one area.

Create A Safer Bathroom
The bathroom is one of the most dangerous rooms inside a home as according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 200,000 people over the age of 15 visit emergency rooms because of injuries occurring in the bathroom. Make your bathroom safer for your loved one by installing a shower chair and grab bars. You should also think about installing non-skid mats in the bathtub and shower to prevent slipping and falling. Consider locking up medication, chemical toilet cleaners, and electrical appliances such as hair dryers and straighteners, and remove door locks to prevent your loved one from getting accidentally locked in.
Additionally, you should let your loved one wear a GPS tracking device so you’ll be able to track down your relative in case he or she wanders. Follow these tips to create a safer and happier home for Alzheimer’s patients.


Alzheimer's Disease Signs and Symptoms

Alzheimer’s Disease Signs and Symptoms, courtesy of


Everyone misplaces things now and then; all of us forget names, to our embarrassment. Occasionally we feel out of sorts and moody and can act out of character. For someone with Alzheimer’s disease, however, these behaviors occur much frequently; they become symptoms of a growing problem, one that can’t be fixed by a good night’s sleep or a relaxing vacation.

Alzheimer’s disease is devastating – both to the one who is suffering with it and to their loved ones who stand by helplessly and watch. Most of us have been touched in some way by Alzheimer’s – a family member or a friend has been stricken with it – but what really is Alzheimer’s disease? Where does it come from? What can be done about it?

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disorder that over time destroys an individual’s ability to remember things, communicate with others, and function on a practical basis. As a sufferer’s memory begins to fade, their personality and behavior often undergo drastic changes. This can be very upsetting to family members who don’t understand what is wrong.

Alzheimer’s is a form of dementia. It attacks the area of the brain that has to do with thoughts and language. Alzheimer’s causes problems in an otherwise healthy individual, issues that are severe enough to interfere with a person’s work and social life.

Alzheimer’s disease was first discovered in 1906 by Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German physician. He identified a group of brain cell abnormalities after conducting an autopsy on a woman who had died after years of experiencing severe memory loss and mental confusion. He observed thick plaque around the nerve cells in her brain as well as a tangle of twisted fibers; these two factors are needed even today to determine if a person has Alzheimer’s, which means that a realistic diagnosis can still only be made through an autopsy.

However, by examining a patient’s history and performing medical tests, physicians are able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment to slow the disease’s progression. The earlier this diagnosis, the better the chances are that the treatments will work.

While we all are familiar with the major symptoms of the disease, like memory loss and confusion, what isn’t clear is what really causes them in the first place. Scientists now believe that there are various factors that might put people at risk for developing this progressive disease.

The number one risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is age. Some people do get Alzheimer’s disease in their 30’s or 40’s, but the real risk begins to increase after age 65. Once you reach 85, you have about a 50-50 chance of having Alzheimer’s disease.

Being female is a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. For a while, people thought that there were more women with Alzheimer’s disease than men because women live longer, so there are just more old women than old men. Careful analysis has shown, however, women just have more of a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease than men do.

Another risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is family history. If you have parents, brothers or sisters with Alzheimer’s disease, your risk of getting it, too, is increased. If one of your close relatives was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease at an early age, your risk is even higher because it may be familial Alzheimer’s disease. Familial Alzheimer’s disease is rare but is directly inherited.

This risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is related to family history, and research is still being done to see if there are specific genetic factors that cause Alzheimer’s disease. One particular form of a gene for a particular protein, ApoE4, is more prevalent in people with Alzheimer’s disease.

More than one possible risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is being studied, but there haven’t been any definite links made yet. Some of the other potential risk factors are:

Having had a head injury
Low educational level
Heart disease and the risk factors for it
Aluminum exposure
If it were found, a modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease would be one that you could do something about. For example, high cholesterol is a modifiable risk factor for heart disease. If you have high cholesterol, and you change your diet and exercise and get your cholesterol levels down to normal, it decreases your risk of getting heart disease. If we found a similar risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease, we could do something to prevent it.

Hearing the news that a family member has received an Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be an emotionally devastating moment in anyone’s life. However, before the Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be given to the patient and their family, the patient must undergo a variety of laboratory tests, such as medical assessments and laboratory measurements. There is no single test existing that will categorically give the Alzheimer’s diagnosis.

The first type of test a patient will undergo before Alzheimer’s can be ruled out is a medical interview. The patient will also be required to fill out a medical questionnaire by the physician. The interview will focus on the patient’s medical history such as the past ailments and use of medical drugs.
The second type of test a patient will undergo before an Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be ruled out is an extensive physical examination. These types of tests will involve examinations on the patient’s eyesight, blood pressure, and heart beat.
The third type of test a patient will undergo before an Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be ruled out are a series of laboratory examinations. There the patient will provide the laboratory with blood and urine samples. Other examinations will involve taking the patient’s blood count, liver functions, glucose levels, and other tests.
The fourth type of test a patient will undergo before an Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be ruled out is neuropsychological testing. Patients who receive these kinds of examinations can expect to perform abstract thinking, problem-solving tests, and vision-motor coordination. This type of test aims to isolate the problem areas, which might provide clues to the source of the illness.
The fifth type of test a patient undergoes a patient will undergo before an Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be ruled out is a brain-imaging scan. Depending on the doctor’s requirement, the patient may undergo a CT or MRI. MRI, or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, is a radiology technique designed to produce images of the internal structures of the body with the use of radio waves, magnetism, and a computer.
One of the major components of Alzheimer’s disease testing is that which assesses mental capability of the person. A mental status evaluation given by a physician helps to determine their sense of time and place, the ability to understand, remember and communicate. This test also assesses the ability to perform simple mathematical problems.

There is also a series of evaluations that test reasoning, vision-motor coordination, language skills and simple memory functions. The physician may also suggest an evaluation with a psychiatrist, for information regarding moods, and other emotional factors commonly associated with Alzheimer’s disease. The psychological portion of Alzheimer’s disease testing is a relatively simple, quick and non-invasive tool to assess mental capacity.

Although Alzheimer’s disease primarily affects the psychological functions, it also takes its toll on the physical body. Alzheimer’s disease testing has a physical portion that helps to rule out other possibilities for why someone might be experiencing similar symptoms. A primary care physician or diagnostician will likely perform a general physical examination, which will give the doctor information about the person’s nutritional status, pulse, and blood pressure.

They might also perform an examination that tests balance, sensation, and other nervous system; the major area affected by Alzheimer’s disease. A brain scan such as a CT scan or MRI can also be performed to illustrate areas of degeneration caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Several laboratory tests evaluating blood and urine functions can be used to provide information about other possibilities for Alzheimer-like symptoms.

At the conclusion of all these tests, and depending on the results, the physician will inform the patient whether or not it is possible they have Alzheimer’s. The only irrefutable way that an Alzheimer’s diagnosis can be confirmed is during autopsy post-mortem; there the brain tissue of the patient can be examined thoroughly.

Although there is currently no way to stop Alzheimer’s disease once it has affected the body, Alzheimer’s disease testing is an effective way to detect the symptoms and if someone has Alzheimer’s disease, learn ways to deal with the illness while their cognitive functions are still intact.

One of the most important treatments for Alzheimer’s is fast detection, especially for early Alzheimer’s. How though, is it possible to determine whether memory loss or dementia is caused by early Alzheimer’s? Researchers from the University of Zurich in Switzerland established a laboratory test for early detection of Alzheimer’s back in 2013.

This test measures two compounds in the spinal fluid. One of these compounds, known as tau protein, is a key component of twisted nerve cell fibers in the brain with Alzheimer’s. The other compound, beta-amyloid, is a sticky protein around dying nerve cells in brains that have Alzheimer’s.

They found that the ratio of tau to beta-amyloid was significantly higher in people with Alzheimer’s than in people who had other forms of dementia or nervous system disorders or no mental decline.

The scientists concluded that the spinal fluid test could offer “a promising tool” for early detection of Alzheimer’s, but called for additional testing to confirm the results.

Researchers are also looking into imaging techniques such as MRI and PET scans. This helps them find changes in the brain structure and areas of activation that indicate the onset of Alzheimer’s.

There is no lab test that currently detects Alzheimer’s with a high degree of efficiency. Often a definitive diagnosis is not done until an autopsy is completed after the death of the individual has occurred.

General practitioners are not very successful at early detection of Alzheimer’s, but a dementia specialist can predict Alzheimer’s 90 percent of the time. This makes regular visits to a physician a very important part in the early detection of Alzheimer’s.

If early detection of Alzheimer’s is accomplished, then the chances of controlling the disease are much more likely since all of the current treatments require early detection to be the most beneficial. Prompt diagnosis also helps family and friends to prepare for worsening symptoms and make plans for the future of the Alzheimer’s patient.

Evaluations for early detection of Alzheimer’s will generally include:

Medical history
Physical examination
Blood and urine tests
Neuropsychological testing
Brain imaging scan
These tests can be performed by your regular physician but may be better suited to a neurologist or a geriatric psychiatrist. You can also contact a medical center that provides Alzheimer’s care. You can also find additional information at the National Institute for Aging.

It is important that family members become and aware of the health of their loved ones if early signs of Alzheimer’s disease are exhibited. To avoid confusion between simple acts of forgetfulness and Alzheimer’s it is important to monitor six categorical early signs of Alzheimer’s. Their increased awareness and detection of early warning signs will allow for a timely diagnosis and treatment of your loved ones.

One of the early signs of Alzheimer’s is forgetfulness. This forgetfulness is caused by the ability of Alzheimer’s disease to destroy brain cells. This destruction results in the loss of memory. These memory lapses or loss could be the names of people and places or the inability to find the right words to express themselves. Although forgetfulness is part of the aging process, Alzheimer’s disease is differentiated based on the speed at which the memory begins to decline.

In addition, early signs of Alzheimer’s may include the forgetting the whereabouts of routinely used items. Additionally, early signs of Alzheimer’s could include the storing of items in inappropriate places (shoes in the freezer or rings in the sugar bowl).

Another characteristic in the early signs of Alzheimer’s is depression. Although depression affects the mental health of many individuals it is certainly a good indicator of this disease when coupled with the other early signs of Alzheimer’s.

Additional early signs of Alzheimer’s are the affects clearly seen on the individual’s senses. The sense of smell and the inability to distinguish between odors may be demonstrated. Also, an early sign of hearing loss may be evident as indicated through the loudness of the television, avoiding phone calls and not entering into conversations. Finally, the sense of sight may be affected as revealed through the individual’s inability to recall images or their inability to follow visual instructions or directions

Extreme mood swings can be an indicator of the early signs of Alzheimer’s. These changes are for no apparent reason and can range from the extreme of being rational to irrational or to complete agitation. Also demonstrated can be the shedding of tears with no foundation.

Early signs of Alzheimer’s may be demonstrated in outward actions such as the inappropriateness of dress. This inappropriateness may be demonstrated through the wearing of winter clothing during the hot summer months or vice versa.

Early signs of Alzheimer’s may also include the individual’s helplessness to think clearly. This difficulty may be demonstrated in their inability to perform mathematical functions or other abstract thinking processes.

Getting to know the various stages of Alzheimer’s disease is a frustrating process, especially if you are the one living through the affliction. Sufferers of this disorder endure mental strain and confusion as their memory becomes unreliable and spotty, their learning capabilities diminish, and their overall sense of self and the things they once knew become awkwardly hard to grasp. Knowing a stage of Alzheimer’s is fast approaching, many sufferers fear the worst.

The reality of this disease often leaves little room for hope because there is no cure and no adequate treatment that can help curb the confusing episodes of memory loss and loss of faculty. Alzheimer’s is a part of dementia, which affects the elderly, and often leaves the sufferer feeling insane or crazy because they do not understand what is happening to them or how they can escape the feelings of despair and hopelessness.

Alzheimer’s is a devastating disease that affects mental, cognitive and motor ability and subsequently leads to premature death when neurological functions completely shutting down. Because everyone is different and people catch Alzheimer’s disease at various stages, it’s difficult to determine Alzheimer’s disease progression.

However, there does seem to be a set of stages that people go through, although not everyone progresses through each stage, and some may experience mixed symptoms, as its progression is on a time continuum. The following seven stages are often described by patients and their physicians.

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, individuals are unlikely to experience any memory or cognitive impairments. The effects of Alzheimer’s disease are not evident to the patient, their physician, or their family and friends. At this stage, it is impossible to decipher if a person has Alzheimer’s disease because nothing has been affected.

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, small impairments are becoming noticeable, though few people actually become diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease because the symptoms are very similar to age-related changes. People may experience short memory lapses, mild word aphasia, misplacement of everyday belongings such as eyeglasses and keys. Although the individual notices some decline in cognition, it is not apparent to those around them.

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, some people are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, although it is rare. At this stage, friends and family begin to notice a decline in memory function and begin to notice some personality changes. Individuals may experience difficulties with word aphasia, difficulty remembering names of new acquaintances, difficulty retaining written material, and lack of ability in planning or organization.

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, the disease becomes evident to everyone around the individual. People with the disease experience decreased connection with current events due to memory problems, inability to perform challenging mathematical tasks, reduced memory about personal information, increased anxiety in social situations, and decreased ability to perform tasks such as accounting and finance management.

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, individuals are unable to function without assistance. They forget important information such as address and phone number and become confused about their surroundings. They often have difficulty remembering the date, day of the week or month. Major lapses in memory become apparent. They tend to retain names and knowledge of people close to them, but they have difficulty remembering newly acquired information.

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, individuals need help with most daily functions, and they are often not functional in public situations. Personality changes become evident and they may develop unexpected and unexplained hostilities. They are able to distinguish between familiar and unfamiliar faces, but they frequently wander off and get lost if they are not being cared for. This stage is marked by urinary and fecal incontinence, and they are unable to perform such functions without the help of others. Many people refer to people in this stage as lost or confused most of the time, although they have periods of full consciousness, they are unable to recall it at a later time.

In this final stage of Alzheimer’s disease progression, many individuals enter a catatonic-like state, and they are suffering from the worst effects of Alzheimer’s disease. They lose their ability to speak and respond to others, though occasionally words may be uttered. They are unable to sit up, smile, swallow, hold their head up, and their reflexes become abnormal and muscles get rigid. Eventually, this stage leads to death, typically about eight years after they were diagnosed with the disease.

The stages aforementioned are generalized, and individuals will typically experience differences in Alzheimer’s disease progression. It is a devastating disease that is currently irreversible, though science may provide an explanation and cure in the future. The progression of Alzheimer’s disease is on a continuum and is present long before symptoms become noticeable. It is suggested that a person contact their physician if they experience any of the discussed symptoms, in order to determine the causes and possible treatments.

Finding an effective Alzheimer’s treatment is intricate because there are a lot of misconceptions about this aspect. First of all, there is no actual “cure” for Alzheimer’s disease. It is the onset of a lifetime of brain activity that generates chemically and the deterioration of brain activity occurs as natural from this point. In other words, memory loss is usual as human beings age; Alzheimer’s disease, effectively, is a type of dementia that is partially related to memory loss and comes about as a natural process.

With this information, we now know that while there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, there certainly is a variety of facets to Alzheimer’s treatment. There are two approaches to treating this disorder: prescription and non-drug. It is a matter of how these approaches influence the functioning capability of the individual as to what type of treatment is prescribed. From there, the symptoms of this disease can be managed with greater ease.

Drug or pharmacological treatments are used to treat the cognitive areas of Alzheimer’s disease such as thinking changes, perception, and memory. Drug treatment does not prevent or end the disease, but it does provide a relief and a release to the power of the symptoms as they plot to overtake the brain and the body. Pharmacological treatments have also been known to assist in slowing the progression of Alzheimer’s symptoms and are, therefore, used as effective versions of an Alzheimer’s treatment.

Is there such as thing as an effective drug treatment for Alzheimer’s disease? To make that determination we must look at the disease itself. Basically, there are two types of drugs that are used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s: drugs that treat the cognitive symptoms, such as memory problems or other mental deficits; and drugs that treat the behavioral symptoms, which can be categorized as anti-agitation drugs.

Although the current drug treatments for Alzheimer’s is not altogether very effective, scientists continue to research new and more advanced treatments to help alleviate the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and to help prevent the onset of the disease. These include drugs that help halt or reverse the processes of Alzheimer’s disease. None of the current drugs are able to do this. Also, the current drugs have a sedating effect which scientists are trying to eliminate with the anti-agitation drugs. Some current drugs are NSAIDs, Naloxone, Rivastigmine, Selegiline, and Tacrine.

Other drugs used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s are to treat any co-existing medical conditions that may affect the overall health of the Alzheimer’s patient. These can include drugs to treat depression, arthritis pain, urinary infections, or other physical problems. These drugs could be anti-depressants or antibiotics to treat the underlying health problems.

There are differing medical opinions on the administration of Vitamin E for patients undergoing Alzheimer’s disease treatment. However, if you feel this medication is worth a shot, seek the advice of a trained medical practitioner on this matter.

For patients undergoing Alzheimer’s disease treatment, a gradual loss of memory is expected because disease destroys acetylcholine cells – the cell responsible for carrying messages to the brain. Cholinesterase inhibitors work by blocking the enzyme that destroys the acetylcholine cells, allowing the patient to function better and delay the loss of memory.

Memantine is a drug approved by the FDA for use in patients undergoing Alzheimer’s disease treatment and suffering from moderate to severe symptoms. The use of this drug in patients with Alzheimer’s disease is favorable. By allowing the patients the increased ability to complete daily activities, they suffer from fewer mood swings and behavioral changes.

Be sure to carefully watch your loved one, as there are other health problems that can increase the symptoms of Alzheimer’s. So it is important to consult a physician, and always remember that the Alzheimer’s patient may not be able to effectively communicate their health problems. This makes regular visits to a physician an important part of the Alzheimer’s treatment process. The last thing anyone wants is for their loved one to suffer more than they have to.

Non-drug treatments are fundamental aspects of care and include plans and a strategy to help some of the more problematic issues that arise from Alzheimer’s disease. These non-drug treatments are used as an Alzheimer’s treatment because they help the social aspect and the mental state of the patient, introducing them to activities that will help them, essentially, “re-learn” the basics of motor skills and communication skills.

As mentioned, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. The goal of an Alzheimer’s treatment, therefore, is to ease the pain and the complications of the disease for the patient and to help improve their quality of life. The first aspect of treatment is to attempt to slow the decline of the faculties with any sort of drug or non-drug treatment schemes. Second, the behavioral symptoms of Alzheimer’s should be controlled and monitored so as to help with the process within the patient. This often includes the hiring of a social worker.

Finally, support and instruction are necessary for the family of the patient and for any caregivers involved. This is the key to helping the situation; ignorance about Alzheimer’s can often be more painful to the patient than the actual disease.

Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder that causes memory loss, personality and behavior changes, and a decline in the ability to think clearly. For people with this disease, they must be taken care of with people trained in Alzheimer’s care. Caring for people with Alzheimer’s can be very difficult and requires a lot of patience since the changes in behavior are often completely out of character. The afflicted hardly seem like their former selves. For this reason, Alzheimer’s care must be done with a very forgiving and able hand.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease so Alzheimer’s care will need to be performed for the rest of the person’s life. A good option for Alzheimer’s care is to take the person to a special home or center where the staff is trained to handle this specific disease. You will rest assured that your loved one will get the care and attention they need while they live out the rest of their days. These places can most often allow the person to live peacefully and restfully while they deal with Alzheimer’s disease.

The drawback to the homes and centers that specialize in Alzheimer’s care is that they can be very expensive. Some people can live ten, twenty, sometimes thirty years with Alzheimer’s disease, and an extended stay at one of these facilities can cost a lot of money. Insurance and certain assistance programs are available and can help with the costs, but, the truth is, most families don’t have the money it takes to allow their loved ones the privilege of being at one of these homes.

For these families, Alzheimer’s care must begin and end at home, but it is a very difficult task even for the most educated, patient, and able-bodied person. Alzheimer’s disease causes people to do things they normally wouldn’t do if they didn’t have the disease. Some people can become violent, hitting those that are trying to care for them, but you must remember that they don’t know that they are behaving that way. The people performing the Alzheimer’s care must keep their emotions to themselves and understand that the person is sick. Nothing the patient does or says should be taken personally.

Another major obstacle to performing Alzheimer’s care at home is that normal household items can become dangerous to those afflicted with the disease. The house should be configured and made safe for people with the disease in the same way you would safeguard against a small child living the house. People with Alzheimer’s can cut themselves with kitchen knives, burn themselves on the stove, or they could just wander outside.

Alzheimer’s care should be performed in a special facility by people who are specially trained. Caring for a loved one with this disease can be done at home, though the person doing the care should be prepared for a long, very challenging task. While it’s important to do what’s best for the patient, living with Alzheimer’s is very hard. We should try and make the rest of our loved ones’ lives as comfortable as possible.

There are several types of Alzheimer’s care facilities that can help you to provide a healthy safe environment for your loved one. During the early stages of Alzheimer’s you will be caring for them in a home environment, but since this can mean exhaustive surveillance, you may need the services of an adult day care facility. These provide similar services to a long-term facility and can give you that ‘day off’ whenever it is needed.

As the disease progresses you will probably find it necessary to place your loved one in a long-term Alzheimer’s care facility, or otherwise known as a Special Care Unit (SCU). These are facilities with trained workers that specialize in the care of Alzheimer’s patients. The care facility is designed to provide a safe and comfortable environment along with activities designed to help the individual with Alzheimer’s.

A good Alzheimer’s care facility should have:

structured routine for Alzheimer’s residents
your loved one’s individual needs in mind
comfortable, familiar, and safe surroundings
compassionate staff
activities that help an Alzheimer’s patient succeed at familiar tasks.
outdoor activities, such as secured walking paths and gardening boxes.
staff that can deal with difficult situations and behaviors.
methods to control wandering.
If your loved one is in need of an Alzheimer’s care facility, then the expense of the care facility can be a burden to your budget. There are methods that can assist you in paying for their care, such as Medicare, Medicaid, Madigap, and long-term care insurance.

Many insurance companies offer assistance to help cover the costs of an Alzheimer’s care facility in the form of life settlements, viatical settlements, and accelerated death benefits. Contact your insurance company and that of the individual who has Alzheimer’s to see what assistance their company can provide.

Mortgage companies offer an alternative to pay for an Alzheimer’s care facility with reverse mortgages. Contact your mortgage company to see what assistance they can provide. Also, the individual with Alzheimer’s may be able to receive veteran’s benefits or be eligible for the Programs of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Check to see if there is one located in your community.

Sometimes it is necessary to obtain help from several different sources to carry the burden of an Alzheimer’s care facility. Don’t be afraid to ask for assistance; no one can carry the burden of caring for a loved one who has Alzheimer’s by themselves.

One of the most difficult decisions that you will make when you have a loved one with Alzheimer’s is when it comes time to choose a nursing home. You will know it is time simply because you will no longer be able to provide a safe and healthy environment for your loved one.

There is some basic information that will help you choose a good Alzheimer’s nursing home for your family member or loved one.

There are two types of nursing care facilities that can care for an Alzheimer’s patient:

Skilled care: This type of Alzheimer’s nursing home only provides care that can be provided by a doctor, licensed nurse, physical or occupational therapist, respiratory therapist, or social worker. These types of nursing homes are also known as ‘sub-acute’ or ‘Medicare occupancy’. This type of nursing home is generally paid for by Medicare for approximately one hundred days, so is not suitable for the long-term.

Long-term care: This type of Alzheimer’s nursing home is for those individuals that require a 24-hour high level of care to ensure their safety. Medicare does generally not cover a long-term Alzheimer’s nursing home. You must have your own resources to fund this level of care, although there are some government programs that may help after you have exhausted your resources. If the nursing home does not accept government funding, you will have to move them to a nursing facility that does.

The government offices of Medicare and Medicaid have an extensive database that can help you to locate a good Alzheimer’s nursing home. You may want to consider a Special Care Unit (SCU) that is specially trained in the assistance of Alzheimer’s patients. Their database rates the Alzheimer’s nursing homes by the quality of care, quality of life, nutrition, and safety.

They also provide a checklist for people to use when visiting the different Alzheimer’s nursing homes. This form will help you keep track of the different nursing homes so that you can evaluate them for the best alternative. This checklist is available at and the database of nursing homes can be found here.

Above all, do not feel guilty when you make the decision to use an Alzheimer’s nursing home. It is impossible for one person to provide the care needed for a person with advanced symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, despite the number of people afflicted with this disease. Several treatments have been helpful in slowing and alleviating some of the symptoms, particularly confusion and anxiety, but nothing has been shown to halt the progression of the illness itself. While treatment and care for Alzheimer’s have been progressing, scientists are still at a loss for where to look to find an Alzheimer’s cure.

Some research has been done into nutritional and complementary medicine as a possible step toward an Alzheimer’s cure. The antioxidant Vitamins C and E, as well as the Omega 3 fats present in fish oils, have been shown to improve cognitive functions and to slow the progression of the disease. In addition, research is being done regarding the usefulness of the herb gingko bilboa in treating, preventing, or curing Alzheimer’s disease.

Research is also being conducted towards creating an Alzheimer’s vaccine. Unlike other vaccines, which are given prior to the contraction of a disease, the Alzheimer’s vaccine would be given to people who have already been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. Its function would be to train the body to attack the compounds that lead to brain problems. Recent trials of this vaccine were stopped, however, when several of the participants had severe side effects, including swelling of the brain.

Other promising areas of research towards an Alzheimer’s cure lies with the cholesterol-reducing drugs known as Statins. They have been shown in several observational studies to have positive effects on cognitive functioning, but this has not yet been proven through experimental research. Similarly, NSAIDs, such as acetaminophen and aspirin, have been shown to have some effect but more research is required.

One treatment that was thought to provide relief has, unfortunately, recently been refuted. The Women’s Health Initiative, one of the largest longitudinal health studies ever done, showed that Hormone Replacement Therapy does not have a positive effect on reducing the incidence or severity of Alzheimer’s.

There is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s, but experimental Alzheimer’s research, with promising results, is being conducted. This research includes treatment through the caloric intake, vaccines and practical measures to aid those in the advanced stages of Alzheimer’s.

In conducting Alzheimer’s research it is important to thoroughly investigate each possibility in combating Alzheimer’s disease. One such research option includes the effects that decreasing one’s food intake and subsequent caloric intake has upon Alzheimer’s disease.

A laboratory study conducted on mice indicated that a decrease in calories helped produce a specific protein that protected the brain from Alzheimer’s disease. The findings of this Alzheimer’s research were based on two groups of mice. The first group of mice ate what they wanted without restriction. The second group of mice ate 30 percent less food.

Six months later the brains of the mice were examined. The findings indicated that the mice, fed 30 percent less food, contained higher levels of a specific protein. This protein was found to work against the aging process. Furthermore, upon examination, these groups of mice were also found to have significantly lower amounts of plaque and even indicated a reversal of plaque buildup. The lower amounts of plaque were attributed to the lesser quantities of calories ingested by the mice and the subsequent production of the aging fighting protein.

Chemical studies are also an integral part of Alzheimer’s research. An experimental vaccine was administered more than 10 years ago. The purpose of this vaccine was to introduce a protein that would create a plaque buildup in the brain. The successful results anticipated were that the immune system would be trained to concentrate on this protein and expel the protein that caused the plaque build-up. Unfortunately, first experiments with a vaccine failed to result in an adverse affect that caused a swelling of the brains in laboratory mice.

However, a new vaccine has been developed for research purposes. The results have been encouraging with the immune system attacking the plaque-producing protein as anticipated. In addition, no adverse effects have been experienced by the mice.

Finally, Alzheimer’s research has been conducted through the use of tangible and stimulating material items both to the touch as well as visually. Alzheimer’s research indicates that soft foam balls, supple blankets, and teddy bears are an important part of the therapy for Alzheimer’s patients. It is an important part of Alzheimer’s research directed towards those individuals who are in the latter stages of Alzheimer’s. The results show that these items offer a diversion for patients who are anxious and distraught resulting in a calming affect for the patients.

Additionally, the use of aromatherapy has been determined to be of great help. The scent of lavender has been shown to be a great reliever of stress which is one of the major symptoms of Alzheimer’s patients.

While there is still no cure for Alzheimer’s, there are more and more positive research studies being done on Alzheimer’s prevention and risk reduction. Particularly for those with a family history or other risk factors for the disease, it is important to stay physically active, mentally alert, and socially involved. In addition, research is showing that the lifestyle factors commonly cited as preventing heart disease, such as reduction in fat intake and overall cholesterol, may also help to prevent Alzheimer’s. Until an Alzheimer’s cure is found, prevention and overall health maintenance remain the best measures to take for most people.

While very little is known about the causes and progression of Alzheimer’s disease, a number of factors have been shown through a variety of observational studies to aid in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. If you have a family history of Alzheimer’s, or simply if you are aging, you may consider including some of the following risk reducers in your lifestyle.

This is probably the best-known measure for the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. A very famous health study conducted on nuns showed that those who engaged regularly in intellectual pursuits were less likely to contract Alzheimer’s, particularly early Alzheimer’s. Later studies have shown that while intellectual stimulation doesn’t necessarily aid in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease, it does, in fact, delay the onset and the progression of symptoms.

Some simple intellectual pursuits you could engage in regularly are reading challenging books, doing crossword puzzles as well as playing mentally stimulating games like chess and Scrabble.

More recent studies have shown that, in addition to mental activity, physical activity assists in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. Some suggest that this is due to the increased blood flow, heart, and lung capacity. No matter the reason it works, it is worth giving this measure a try, since its health benefits extend far beyond the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease.

Activity does not need to be extremely strenuous or intensive; it is most important that it be regular and consistent. A daily walk, swim, or game of golf will help to ward off a great variety of health concerns, including Alzheimer’s.

One of the more interesting findings of late is the significance of social interaction in our physical and mental health. Several studies have shown that maintaining a social network aids in the prevention and treatment of many diseases common among older people, and now it is shown to help in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease.

Since early Alzheimer’s can often include symptoms such as anxiety and depression, maintaining contact with friends can also help to relieve some of these symptoms and increase the quality of life.

High cholesterol levels are associated with arteriosclerotic vascular disease, which is subsequently related to heart disease and stroke, the main factor in neurological deterioration. Cholesterol can be controlled with medication, but people can do a great deal to naturally prevent cholesterol levels from becoming high.

A good diet free of animal fat, and high in fish oils (salmon, tuna, swordfish) can help lower cholesterol as well as improve cognitive function with Omega 3 fatty acids, a supplement directly related to improved mental cognition.

Being a female is the most prevalent risk factor associated with Alzheimer’s disease, menopause and loss of estrogen can lead to a higher likelihood of getting the disease. Women can take synthetic estrogen hormones once they begin menopause to help prevent Alzheimer’s disease. This should be done strictly under the supervision of a physician to ensure proper dosage and administration.

Still being studied is the effect of diet and nutritional supplementation in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. Promising work has shown the helpfulness of antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, and fish oil. While no research has yet confirmed this, anecdotal observation has shown a number of cases where the kind of diet recommended for the prevention of heart disease has also proven useful in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. Again, while nothing has been shown for sure, including some of these measures in your lifestyle may help you to avoid Alzheimer’s will improve your overall health and quality of life.

Vitamins are a recommended supplement after the age of 50 and are especially recommended for those who are at risk for and who want to prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Although a multivitamin is beneficial for general function, there are a few vitamins that should be used specifically.

Vitamin E and Vitamin C should be taken together once per day to prevent Alzheimer’s disease, and twice per day if memory function is declining. Vitamin B12 and folate are also considered brain protective agents and have the ability to keep homocysteine under control. These vitamins are typically taken orally, though they can be consumed via muscular injection if necessary.

Family Caregiver’s Guide to Coping With STRESS

We understand—It’s not easy….

Being a caregiver to a family member or friend is not easy. Depending on the needs of the person being cared for, the family caregiver’s job is often a 24 hour, 7 day a week responsibility.

You are not alone…

Overall more than 50 million Americans provide care for a chronically ill, disabled or aged family member or friend in any given year. Research also shows that caregiving stress, regardless of one’s age, can compromise the caregiver’s immune system and accelerate aging.

 But we can help…

Which is why we have created the Family Caregiver’s Guide to Coping with Stress.

As the nation’s leading research and training organization in stress reduction and performance enhancement, HeartMath has developed world-recognized, easy-to-do techniques and programs that will help you control your stress, take charge of your emotions and improve your ability to function at the highest level – no matter how taxing the situation.

Download and Enjoy the Caregiver’s Guide to Coping with Stress, a quick read that can make a big difference.

Heartmath Feature

GPS SmartSole Now Available on the TruSense Platform

TruSense combines wireless sensors, Amazon Echo Dot and GPS Technology including GTX’s GPS SmartSole® to track daily activities, health patterns and variables, to address the needs of the entire family.

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA – August 30, 2017 – GTX Corp (OTCBB: GTXO), an IoT platform in the personal location wearable and wandering assistive technology business, today announced it has joined forces with TruSense, which provides family-friendly smart home technology for seniors, to include GTX’s patented GPS SmartSole® on TrueSense’s on-line store. Like GTX, TrueSense empowers seniors to remain independent and delivers peace of mind by safeguarding loved ones and providing insights to let users know if they’re okay.

TruSense recently unveiled the first integrated smart home experience for seniors, bringing assurance to loved ones and keeping older adults in their own home longer. The Company uses sensor and GPS technology to discern the way a person lives—time spent sleeping, in the kitchen, or getting out of the house. When a pattern shifts, TruSense notices, and updates the user and the circle of people who they’ve chosen via custom notifications—it can even notify the 24/7 emergency monitoring center through a voice integration with the Amazon Echo Dot (click here to view a video showcasing how TruSense works).

Assisted living costs can be as high as $6,000 per month in some states. At a price point of just $199 for equipment plus a low $49 monthly subscription, TruSense is the only consumer-priced product of its kind. In stark contrast to stigmatized and outdated age-in-place senior products, and without requiring seniors to move out of their homes, TruSense empowers older adults to stay at home, reduce burden on family members and embrace age without compromising their independence or dignity.

“We are in a caregiving crises in this country,” says Rob Deubell, vice president of TruSense. “A recent survey indicated 40 percent of caregivers report a very high burden on their lives. While cost of living is a major factor in the family decision to age-in-place, there is also a growing shortage of in-family caregivers as well professionals due to disparate family members, growing aging population and costly and unreliable in-home care options. TruSense’s smart home technology was designed to give the nearly 40 million seniors that live alone today an option that makes it easier to stay in their own homes longer, while providing their caregivers and loved ones with more information on their health and wellness when they cannot be there, bringing assurance and peace of mind to the entire family.”

Patrick Bertagna, CEO of GTX Corp commented, “We are very pleased to be one of the selected wearable devices to operate on the TrueSense smart home platform. Since we specialize in wearable GPS tracking solutions for people afflicted with cognitive decline, we recognize the great work that TruSense has done in providing easy to use solutions that keep seniors safe, at home longer, while empowering their caregivers often their children to have remote yet noninvasive digital oversight. We share a same ethos as TrueSense to empower both caregivers and seniors to improve their safety, health, well-being and overall quality of life.”

Smart Technology that Goes Beyond Daily Activity
In addition to an individual’s activity, TruSense can also report how much time caregivers or other visitors spend in the home while also monitoring for comfortable home temperature, dangerous water leaks and vehicle GPS. Also, should they be experiencing early stages of dementia and have a tendency to get lost or wander, through its partnership with the GPS SmartSole, if a loved one leaves the house, TruSense will report their location and send real time alerts to caregivers on their whereabouts, providing safety and peace of mind. Not only can family members get insights from the web, phone and text, with the integration of the Amazon Echo Dot, family members can also use the Amazon Echo Dot to check up on their loved one to find out what time they woke and current room location as well as system status.

Emergency Response Services
TruSense does not require a wearable to deliver 24/7 emergency response. The in-home sensors operate together as a new kind of personal emergency response system (PERS). The ultimate goal is for TruSense to identify when daily activity level patterns change so family members or care workers can intervene in order to prevent emergencies from happening, or identify the development of a more serious medical condition. Loved ones or caregivers that are granted access to the trusted reporting circle by the family can get at-a-glance updates on activity from any device with an internet connection. TruSense has alerts when something goes wrong based on customized user thresholds that can trigger a text or phone call. Voice commands can also be used to notify the TruSense 24/7 emergency monitoring center via integration with digital assistants such as the Amazon Echo Dot.

Multiple Layers of Protection
TruSense is the only solution that delivers multiple layers of protection, providing a fail-safe system that provides a safety net. Through integration with multiple technology options (e.g. Echo Dot, Motion Sensors, GPS) TruSense provides redundancy for additional peace of mind. Seniors are often at risk with single-solution products, as they have a false sense of security when they forget to charge or wear their pendants.

Pricing and Availability
TruSense is available for purchase at There is a one-time equipment fee of $199 and a cancel-anytime subscription cost of $49 per month for the data plan that enables the activity reporting.

For more information on the company or the TruSense system visit the website at For media inquiries, or to schedule a demo, please contact Kimberly Angell of Wish Public Relations at or (415) 471-7272.

About TruSense
TruSense is family-friendly smart home technology for seniors that brings assurance to loved ones and helps older adults stay in their own homes longer. Using in-home sensors, TruSense is non-intrusive and does not require a wearable or pendant to deliver insights into daily activities. The solution also measures variables that can impact health and safety such as home leak detection, temperature and even vehicle and personal GPS tracking. TruSense also tracks caregiver visits and uses alerts and notifications based on customized user thresholds that can trigger a text or notify our 24/7 emergency response team.

The cost of healthcare for seniors with dementia $184,500 greater than for someone without dementia!

As the trend to use technological innovations to help seniors live longer and more fulfilling lives continues to grow around the world (generally referred to as the Aging 2.0 movement), the focus at GTX Corp is to develop innovative, cost friendly, wearable technology, such as the patented GPS SmartSoles, that can keep help lower healthcare costs while keeping people connected and protected for about a dollar a day.  #connectedandprotected


A comprehensive study was recently published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, on the cost of caring for seniors with dementia.

They created a mathematical model—utilizing Federal Medicare records to simulate disease progression for newly diagnosed individuals with dementia.

The  model estimates health care costs, including the value of informal care, for a person with dementia over a lifetime to be $184,500 greater than for someone without dementia, with 86 percent of costs incurred by family members.

Basically the cost to care for someone with dementia on average is $322,000 – compared to $137,000 for the same person without dementia.

Read the full article here.




Dementia Issues – Wandering – Dr Jennifer Bute from Kreativity on Vimeo.

Poor Sleep Tied to Increased Alzheimer’s Risk

LBN – Late Breaking News, July 5th, 2017

Poor sleep may be an indication of increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease, a new study of older people suggests.
Researchers studied 101 cognitively normal people, average age 63, who completed well-validated sleep questionnaires. They analyzed their spinal fluid for the presence of indicators of the plaques and tangles that are characteristic of Alzheimer’s. The study is in Neurology.
After controlling for age, a family history of Alzheimer’s, the ApoE gene that increases Alzheimer’s risk and other factors, they found that poor sleep quality, sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with increased spinal fluid indicators of Alzheimer’s disease.

The reason for the association is unclear, but at least one animal study found that during sleep the brain’s capacity to clear toxins like beta amyloid, the toxic protein that forms plaques in the brains of those with Alzheimer’s, improves. It may be that poor sleep interferes with this process in people, too.“Not everyone with sleep problems is destined to develop Alzheimer’s disease,” said the senior author, Barbara B. Bendlin, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. “We’re looking at groups of people, and over the whole group we find the association of poor sleep with the markers of Alzheimer’s. But when you look at individuals, not everyone shows that pattern.”

LBN – Late Breaking News, July 5th, 2017


GPS SmartSole® Used in Wandering Prediction Trial

George Mason University’s College of Health and Human Services Completes Phase One of Wandering Prediction Research

Los Angeles, Calif. – May 23, 2017– GTX Corp (OTCBB: GTXO), an IoT platform in the personal location wearable and wandering assistive technology business, announced today that George Mason University’s College of Health and Human Services has successfully completed phase one of the wandering prediction trial which began in fall of 2016. In collaboration with investigators from the Milken Institute School of Public Health at George Washington University, who have expertise in the economics of patient-centered mobile health technologies and predictive analytics, the University utilized the patented GPS SmartSole, GTX’s location based technology and data in order to study wandering habits in elderly people with Alzheimer’s and dementia.

The data scientists applied using advanced machine learning methods to calculate total time spent at different locations and thus were able to identify frequently visited locations at specific times of day and days of the week. Using only day of the week and time of the day, the researchers’ two-stage spatiotemporal clustering algorithm correctly predicted the users’ location 87% of the time.

“These findings open the possibility of automatically detecting anomalies in ambulation to identify potential wandering events,” said Janusz Wojtusiak, PhD, associate professor of health informatics at George Mason University.

“The innovation here is the continuous improvement in predictive accuracy that is driven by the users themselves. The more often users wear the SmartSoles and thus the more data they share about their spatiotemporal movement, the more we can fine-tune the predictive model and the more accurately we can personalize alerts. In fact, the power of predictive models extends beyond alerts of potential wandering events: Even if a user is not wearing the device, we can apply the predictive model to narrow down his or her likely whereabouts. This can dramatically reduce the time that search teams need to locate and rescue a missing individual,” said Lorens Helmchen, PhD, associate professor of health policy and management at George Washington University.

The team has submitted a proposal for additional funding and now aims to uncover patterns of movement that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease progression.

“Professor Wojtusiak’s team has done an amazing job combining advanced machine learning methods with our tracking and monitoring GPS wearable technology which in the future could improve the lives of millions of people diagnosed with dementia and Alzheimer’s. GTX has been at the forefront of wandering assistive and recovery technology and it is a true honor to support this research project. We believe ‘advance machine learning and Big Data’  will play a major role in finding solutions to complex problems and we applaud Professor Wojtusiak’s team for this significant step forward in translating spatiotemporal data into real-time actionable support,” stated Andrew Duncan, GTX Corp director of business development.

The preliminary research will be made available to GTX Corp, which will consider deploying the prediction algorithms into their backend monitoring platform, adding another layer of technology and overall value to their proprietary GPS tracking platform and monitoring services. The Company is also exploring developing a data collection only SmartSole, that would be much lower in cost and could be used on a wide scale research program.

The patented GPS SmartSole® is a non-visible GPS tracking device designed to monitor the location of people afflicted with cognitive memory disorders, such as Alzheimer’s, dementia, autism and TBI, who have a tendency to get lost or wander and for people at risk of kidnapping, such as government employees, journalists and high level executives.

About George Mason University’s College of Health and Human Services

The College of Health and Human Services at George Mason University prepares students to become future leaders in health care, public health, and social services with the skills necessary to solve the challenges of a rapidly changing and culturally diverse health environment. By combining research with community engagement efforts, students receive a rigorous and relevant education, while simultaneously making a valuable contribution to the region’s health care workforce. Whether it’s global and community health, health administration and policy, nursing, nutrition and food science studies, rehabilitation science, or social work, students are active participants in improving and promoting health, both locally and globally. Visit us at

About GTX Corp

GTX Corp (GTXO) is a pioneer in Smart, Mobile and Wearable GPS, cellular and BLE tracking and recovery location based services. Through its proprietary enterprise monitoring platform and licensing, subscription recurring revenue business model, GTX Corp offers a complete end-to-end solution of hardware, software and connectivity, backed by an extensive portfolio of patents, patents pending, registered trademarks, copy rights and URL’s.   Headquartered in Los Angeles, California, with distributors servicing over 20 countries, GTX is known for its game-changing patented GPS Smart Shoe, block buster Smartphone GPS Tracking App, and award winning, patented GPS and BLE SmartSole, the world’s first, invisible wearable wander guard GPS tracking device, initially created for quick recovery of those at risk of wandering due to Alzheimer’s, dementia, autism or traumatic brain injury. GTX provides solutions that answer the “where” question: where is my mother, child, employee, vehicle, drone and high-value assets. The Company doesn’t just make and sell the best GPS tracking products, they deliver innovative, miniaturized, low power consumption wearable tech that provides safety, security and peace of mind at the touch of a button. We put the “Where” in Wearable Tech.


Social media – #withyou #smartsole

General information, licensing or investor relations email:


In the UK, GTX Corp operates from its London office. For more information, please contact: Nelson Skip Riddle contact details are:


Tel: +44 7785 364100

Disclaimer: GTX Corp does not warrant or represent that the unauthorized use of materials drawn from the content of this document will not infringe rights of third parties who are not owned or affiliated by GTX Corp. Further GTX Corp cannot be held responsible or liable for the unauthorized use of this document’s content by third parties unknown to the company.

Forward Looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements. The terms and phrases “expects,” “would,” “will,” “believes,” and similar terms and phrases are intended to identify these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on estimates and assumptions made by GTX in light of its experience and its perception of current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that GTX believes are appropriate in the circumstances. Many factors could cause GTX’s actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Certain risk factors that may cause actual results to differ are set forth in GTX’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (which may be obtained at These factors should be considered carefully, and readers should not place undue reliance on GTX’s forward-looking statements. GTX has no intention and undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Driving with Alzheimer’s

The dangers of driving with Alzheimer’s, a safe alternative to driving is walking and having a pair of wander guard GPS SmartSoles. Peace of mind, safety and security knowing your loved one can be easily found if they get lost.

Published on Jun 23, 2013

Watch how memory problems caused by Alzheimer’s make driving unsafe. See this great video to open up the discussion with family members, friends and patients. Here are 15 signs it may be time to stop driving:

1. Driving too slowly or too fast
2. Receiving traffic tickets
3. Being honked at or yelled at by other drivers
4. Becoming upset or angry while driving
5. Dents, dings or scraped paint on the car, mailbox or garage
6. Misunderstanding or not noticing signs on the road
7. Getting lost in familiar places
8. Stopping at a green light
9. Changing lanes without looking
10. Drifting into another lane
11. Having difficulty making left turns
12. Misjudging distances
13. Mistaking the gas pedal for the brake
14. Causing any crash or near crash
15. You can also follow the “grandchild test”: If you would not feel safe having this person drive his or her grandchild, it’s time to have a talk about handing over the keys.

Should you or your loved one be driving? Let common sense be your guide.

(Source: Johns Hopkins Health Alert, Posted in Memory, September 15, 2014)